It affects people with every diabetes type, and can also affect their family members. the experience of diabetes stigma disproportionately affects people with a higher bmi or a higher a1c (and lower time in range). stigma can be external, which means it come from other people and society, or it can be internal, meaning it comes from yourself..
Most people can take an a1c test at any time without preparing beforehand. however, a doctor may sometimes request that a person avoids eating or drinking for 8 hours before the test..